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France institute of petrol publications: Drilling data handbook

Авторы: France institute of petrol publications

Название: Drilling data handbook

Формат: PDF

Размер: 26,5 Mb

Год издания: 1999

 

CONTENTS

A General data
Conversion factor to SI units
Conversion factors
Decimal multiples and submultiples of a unit
Decimals and metric equivalents of fraction of an inch
Temperature conversion table
Correspondence between specifig gravity and
degrees API (at 15.56 ºC in relation to water at 15.56ºC and 760 mmHg)
Numerical constant and mathematical formulas
Trigonometric formulas
Geometry formulas for areas and volumes
Inertia of plane surface
Content of horizontal cylindrical tank
Mechanics and strength of material
Electricity. Direct current
Electricity. Alternating current
Principal chemical symbol, atomic numbers and weights
Specific gravity of various materials and fluids
Physical properties of metals
Stratigraphic scale
Buoyancy factor (Steel specific gravity = 7.85)
 
B Drill string standards
API steel grade and properties (API Spec 5D, 3rd edition, Aug. 1,1992)(API Spec.7, 38th edition, Apr. 1, 1994)
API drill pipe list and body and upset geometry (API Spec 5D, 3rd edition, August 1, 1992)
Upset tubing for small-diameter work string (API Standard 5A and Spec 7)(Grade N-80)
Classification of used drill pipe (API RP 7G, 15th edition January 1, 1995)(All sizes, weight and grades)
Inspection standards. Zones and color code identification (API RP 7G, 15th edition January 1, 1995)
Recommended practice for mill slot and groove method of drill string identification (API RP 7G, 15th edition January 1, 1995)
Geometric characteristics of drill pipes (New pipe bodies and tool joints)
New (N), premium class (P) and class2 (2) drill pipe, torsional and tensile data (API RP 7G, 15th edition, January 1, 1995)
New (N), premium class (P) and class2 (2) drill pipe, collapse and burst pressure data (API RP 7G, 15th edition January 1, 1995)
Recommended minimum OD* and make-up torque of weld-on type tool joints based on the torsional strength of box and drill pipe (API RP 7G, 15th edition, January 1, 1995)3
Thread dimensions of rotary shouldered connections (API Spec 38th edition, April 1, 1994)
Shouldered connections
Dimensions of obsolete shouldered connections (API Spec 7, Appendix I)
API threads forms and dimensions (API Spec 7, 38th edition, April 1,1994)
Characteristics of some non_API tool joints threads
Rotary shouldered connection interchange list
Cylindrical drill collars. Dimensions and threads (API Spec7)
Ideal drill collar range
Weight of drill collar (Kg/m)
Polar modulus of drill collars (in3-mm3)
Drill-collar Assembly. Rigidity R
Stress-relief features for drill collar connections (API Spec 7)
Large-diameter drill collars from 8¾ to 11¼ inches. Shoulder modifications for low-torque connections. Dimensions of low-torque shouldered
Spiral drill collars (Drilco)
Drill collar slip and elevator recess elevator bore dimensions (API RP 7G, 15th edition, January 1, 1995)
Recommended make-up torque for rotary shouldered drill collar connections (API RP 7G, 15th edition, January 1,1995)
Heavy wall drill pipes (Drilco, Division of Smith International, Inc.)
Kellys (API Spec 7, 38th edition, April 1, 1994)
Strength of Kellys (API RP 7G, 15th edition, January 1, 1995)
Stretch of suspended drill pipe
Drill stem design calculations (API RP 7G, 15th edition, January 1,1995)
Drill stem design calculations. Calculation examples
Critical buckling force (Baker Hughes INTEQ)
 
C Casing, tubing line pipe standards
Tensile requirements. Casing and tubing (API Standard 5CT, 5th edition, April 1, 1995). Line pipe (API Standard 5L, April 1, 1995)
Tensile requirements of special steels (non-API) (Vallourec & Mannesmann documentation)
API casing list (API Specification 5CT, 5th edition, April 1, 1995)
API tubing list (API Specification 5CT, 5th edition, April 1, 1995)
Drift diameter (API Standard 5CT, 5th edition, April 1, 1995)
Efficiency of a connection
Make-up torque
Geometrical characteristics and mechanical properties of small-diameter tubing
Geometrical characteristics and mechanical properties of tubing
Geometrical characteristics and mechanical properties of casing
Geometrical characteristics and mechanical properties of coiled tubing
Geometrical characteristics and mechanical properties of line pipe, risers and conductor pipe
API and buttress casing thread forms. API round threads form. Buttress thread form
API tubing thread form
Effect of tensile load on collapse resistance
Ellipse of biaxial yeld stress. Effect of tensile load on collapse resistance
Qualitative influence of various operations on the stresses in a partially-cemented casing string
Quantitative influence of temperature and pressure variations on the stresses in a partially-cemented casing string
 
D Capacities and annular volumes
General formulas
Clearance between standard bits and casing size
Capacities of cylinders
Capacities of drill pipes
Capacities of drill collars
Capacities and displacements of casing
Capacities and displacements of tubings
Annular volume between drill collar and open hole (liters per meter)
Annular volume between drill pipe and open hole (liters per meter)
Annular volume between drill pipe and casing (liters per meter)
Annular volume between casing and open hole (liters per meter)
Annular volume between two string of casing (liters per meter)
Annular volume between casing and tubing (liters per meter)
Capacities of coiled tubing
 
E Drilling bits and downhole motors
Common sizes and tolerance on new bits (API RP 7G, January 1, 1995)
IADC roller bit classification system
IADC roller bit classification table (IADC/SPE 23937, February, 1992)
How to use the roller bit table
Comparison of roller bits
IADC fixed cutter drill bit classification system (IADC/SPE February 18-21, 1992)
IADC comparison of PDC bits
IADC comparison of TPS & natural diamonds bits
IADC dull bit grading (After IADC/SPE 23938-23939 of 1992)
Parameters for using insert bits and friction bearings (After Baker-Hughes)
Threads and make-up torques for drill bits and coring bits (API RP 7G, January 1, 1995 - API Spec 7, April 1, 1994)
Turbodrill
Turbodrilling
Performance curves on turbodrill (Specific gravity d, constant flow rate Qn)
Turbodrill specifications (Specific gravity of mud 1.20)
Positive displacement motors
Performance curves of positive displacement motors for different flow rates Q
Specifications of positive displacement motors (Moineau type)
 
F Hoisting and derrick floor equipment
Hoisting mechanics. Reeving function
Hoisting mechanics. Power
API wire rope. Factor of safety (RP 9B, May 30, 1986)
API wire rope
Typical sizes and constructions of wire rope
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope. Class 6 x 7. Fiber Core (FC) (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope. Classes 6 x 19 and 6 x 37. Fiber Core (FC) (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope (continued). Class 6 x 19. Independent Wire Rope Core (IWRC) (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope (continued). Class 6 x 37. Independent Wire Rope Core (IWRC) (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope (continued). Configurations (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope (continued). Class 6 x 61. Independent Wire Rope Core (IWRC) (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope (continued). Class 6 x 91. Independent Wire Rope Core (IWRC) (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope (continued). Class 8 x 19. Independent Wire Rope Core (IWRC) (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope (continued). Class 18 x 7. Fiber Core (FC). (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope (continued). Class 19 x 7. Metal Core. (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API classification of bright (uncoated) or drawn galvanized wire rope (continued). Classes 6 x 25 “B”, 6 x 27 “H”, 6 x 30 “G” and 6 x 31 “V” (API Spec 9A, 24th edition, June 1, 1995)
API wire rope. Sheave sizes (API RP 9B, May 30, 1986)
Sheave grooves. (API Spec 8A, 12th edition, June 1, 1992)
Work done by a drilling line
Cutoff practice for drilling lines. Cutoff length as a function of derrick or mast height and drum diameter (API RP 9B, 9th edition, may 30, 1986)
Cutoff practice for drilling lines (continued). Cumulative work before first cut-off (API RP 9B, 9th edition, May 30, 1986)
Drum and reel capacity (from IADC Drilling Manual) Elevator link arms. Remaining capacities of work link arms. Dimensions and nominal capacity of link arms (per set)
Recommended hoisting tool contact surface radii (API Spec 8A, 12th edition, June 1, 1992)
Drill pipe elevators bores (API Spec 8A, 12th edition, June 1, 1992)
Brake blocks
Vibrator and drilling hose (API Spec 7K, 2nd edition, February, 1996)
Chains (API Standard 7F, 5th edition, October 1, 1993)
Chains (continued). Standard chain dimensions (ANSI Standard, B29.1)
Chains (continued)
Rotary table opening and square drive master bushing (API Spec 8C, 2nd edition, June 1, 1992)
Four-pin drive Kelly bushing and master bushing (API Spec 8C, 2nd edition, June 1, 1992)
Tension in slings. Two-wire slings
 
G Pumping and pressure losses Mud
Mud pumps
Pumping power
Output in liters per stroke double acting duplex pumps based on liner size and piston rod diameter
Triplex pumps. Maximum pressure based on liner (kPa)
Output in liters per stroke of single acting triplex pumps (Volumetric efficiency 100%)
Mud cycle time
Circulation flow rate (l/min) as a function of mud rising velocity opposite drill pipes (Vr in meters per minute) and hole / pipe annulus (Va in liters per meter)
Amount of drilled cuttings in mud
Annular mud specific gravity dann
Hydraulics
Rheology
Critical velocity based on rheological parameters (Practical units)
Pressure losses (General)
Pressure loss equations
Pressure drop in orifices
Calculation of the bit nozzle velocity
Pressure loss calculation
Table of coefficients B
Table of coefficients N1. Calculation of pressure losses in surface equipment
Table of coefficients N2. Calculation of pressure losses in drill pipes
Table of coefficients N3. Calculation of pressure losses in drill collars
Calculations of pressure drop in nozzles. Combination of three nozzles
Calculations of pressure drop in nozzles. Combination of two nozzles
Table of nozzle areas. Combinations of three nozzles
Table of nozzle areas. Combinations of two nozzles
Table of nozzle areas
Table of coefficients N4. Calculations of pressure loss in hole/drill collar annulus
Table of coefficients N5. Calculation of pressure loss in hole/pipe annulus
Equivalent lengths for special line connections (in meter)
 
H Drilling mud
Relationship between mud weight and pressure head of mud
Increase of mud specific gravity with barite (d = 4.2) Weight (in kg) of barite to add to 1 m3 of mud (M)
Increase of mud specific gravity with calcium carbonate (d = 2.65). Weight (in kg) of calcium carbonate to add to 1 m3 of mud (M)
Mud specific gravity reduction with water (d = 1) Water volume in liters to add to 1 m3 of mud (M)
Mud specific gravity reduction with oil (d = 0.85) Oil volume in liters to add to 1 m3 of mud (M)
Final volume VF (in liters) after adding weighting material of specific gravity da to 1 m3 of mud. Ma weight of weighting material added (kg/m3)
Mud volume (in liters) required to prepare 1 m3 of mud weighted with barite (d = 4.2)
Ternary diagram for determining solid content of mud (water base muds)
Ternary diagram m for determining solid content of mud (saturated salt water mud)
Properties of sodium chloride solutions
Properties of calcium chloride solutions
Properties of potassium chloride solutions
Properties of sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) solutions
Properties of potassium carbonate (K2CO3) solutions
Properties of sodium bromide (NaBr) solutions
Effect of temperature on densities of calcium chloride and sodium chloride solutions (Field Data Handbook, Dowel Schlumberger)
Grain size classification of solids (1μ = 0.000001 m)
Shale shaker screens
Screen standards
Air/gas flow rate required for drilling. Data for calculating approximate circulation rates required to produce a minimum annular velocity which is equivalent in lifting power to a standard air velocity of 914 m/min (3000 ft/h)
 
I Cementing
General data units commonly used in cementing
Correlation between sacks and tons of cement
API cement classes and types (API Spec 10, 5th edition, July 1, 1990)
API Specifications for cements (API Spec 10, 5th edition, July 1, 1990)
Preparation of freshwater slurry
Cement slurry (freshwater)
Preparation of one cubic meter of freshwater cement slurry
Preparation of salt water slurry (Brine 315 g/l, d = 1.20)
Cement slurry (saturated salt-water), (Brine 315 g/l, d = 1.20)
Preparation of one cubic meter of saturated salt-water slurry
Preparation of bentonite cements
Bentonite cement slurry. Class G (per 100 kg of cement)
Preparation of one cubic meter of bentonite cement slurry- Class G cement
Preparation of weighted cements
Cementing additives
Effects of some additives on cement properties
Slurry displacement
Bottomhole cementing temperature by depth (API RP 10B, 22nd edition, December, 1997)
 
J Directional drilling
Reference coordinates
Radius of curvature and project in the vertical plane
Calculation of characteristic points of the theoretical vertical profile. J hole : D < R
Calculation of characteristic points of the theoretical vertical profile. J hole : D > R
Calculation of characteristic points of the theoretical vertical profile. S hole : R1 + R2 < D
Calculation of characteristic points of the theoretical vertical profile. S hole : R1 + R2 > D
Theoretical vertical profile. Rate of buildup: 0.50 deg/10 m
Theoretical vertical profile (continued). Rate of buildup: 1.00 deg/10 m3
Theoretical vertical profile (continued). Rate of buildup: 1.50 deg/10 m
Theoretical vertical profile (continued). Rate of buildup: 2.00 deg/10 m
Theoretical vertical profile (continued). Rate of buildup: 2.50 deg/10 m
Ragland diagram
Control of actual hole shape. Calculation of projections
Control of actual hole shape. Different calculation formulas1
Course correction
Radius of borehole curvature limitation on downhole tools
 
K Kick control fishing
Main symbols used
Preliminary calculations
Driller’s procedures
Calculation after well shut-in
Driller’s method on land or on fixed support
Wait and weight method on land or on fixed support
Wait and weight method on floating support (Example without kick assembly)
Control on a floating rig
Well strength2
Charts giving coefficient K and gas specific gravity
Example of kick control
Determination of the length of free pipe in a stuck string
Maximum allowable number of turns which can be given to 1000 m of new drill pipe under a given axial tension (Grade E drill pipe)
Maximum allowable number of turns which can be given to 1000 m of new drill pipe under a given axial tension (Grade X95 drill pipe)
Maximum allowable number of turns which can be given to 1000 m of new drill pipe under a given axial tension (Grade G105 drill pipe)
Maximum allowable number of turns which can be given to 1000 m of new drill pipe under a given axial tension (Grade S135 drill pipe)
Back-off

Tool joint matting surface area (API Spec 7, April 1, 1994)

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